Kandovan, Iranian Village Carved in Volcanic Rocks
The homes of the residents that live in the small village of Kandovan, Iran are very unique in its architectural design and structure. They dwell in caves that are made of naturally formed, compressed volcanic ash formations. Although living in a cave may not be considered as an ideal of comfortable housing, the cave dwellings of Kandovan have two to four stories with living areas and storage rooms. Porches, doors, windows, stairwells, and even shelves are carved into the rocks to create a natural, yet intricate and unique design. The insulation of the rocks allow the homes to stay warm in the winters and cool during the summers, which make these cave homes very energy efficient.